Embarking on a journey to Upper Mustang is like stepping into a realm of ancient traditions, awe-inspiring landscapes, and a rich cultural tapestry that dates back centuries. Tucked away in the mystical land of Nepal, this remote and restricted region offers a unique experience unrivaled by any other trekking destination. From the moment you set foot on the trails that wind through the rugged Himalayan terrain, you will be captivated by the sheer beauty surrounding you. But getting to Upper Mustang is no easy feat, as it requires careful planning and a sense of adventure.

In this guide, we will unravel the secrets of this hidden gem and provide you with all the essential information you need to embark on this extraordinary journey. So, fasten your seatbelts and get ready for an unforgettable adventure to Upper Mustang, where ancient traditions blend seamlessly with untouched natural beauty.

The Cultural and natural significance of Upper Mustang

Nestled between the towering peaks of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountain ranges, Upper Mustang is a region of immense cultural and natural significance. Often referred to as the “Last Forbidden Kingdom,” this isolated enclave was opened to foreign visitors only in 1992. As a result, the unique Tibetan-influenced culture and traditions have been remarkably preserved, making it a haven for those seeking an authentic experience.

Upper Mustang Tiji Festival in Nepal

The region is home to ancient monasteries, cave dwellings, and centuries-old palaces, all of which provide a glimpse into the rich history of the area. Moreover, the breathtaking landscapes of Upper Mustang, characterized by barren deserts, towering cliffs, and deep gorges, offer a stark contrast to the lush valleys and forests found in other parts of Nepal. It is this combination of cultural and natural wonders that makes Upper Mustang a truly extraordinary destination.

The History and Background of Upper Mustang

To truly appreciate the allure of Upper Mustang, it is essential to understand its history and background. The region was once an important trade route between Tibet and India, and it was ruled by a dynasty of Tibetan kings known as the Lo dynasty. This kingdom flourished for centuries, and its influence can be seen in the architecture, language, and religious practices of the region. In the 18th century, Upper Mustang came under the control of the Kingdom of Nepal, and it remained a restricted area until it was opened to tourists.

Upper Mustang Trekking In Nepal

Today, the region is a blend of ancient traditions and modern influences, with the local communities embracing tourism as a means of economic development while striving to preserve their cultural heritage.

Planning your trip to Upper Mustang

Planning a trip to Upper Mustang requires careful consideration and preparation. The region is located in a remote part of Nepal, and access is restricted to a limited number of visitors each year. Therefore, it is important to plan well in advance to secure the necessary permits and make the necessary arrangements.

The best time to visit Upper Mustang is during the spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) seasons when the weather is favorable and the skies are clear. It is also advisable to engage the services of a reputable trekking agency or guide who can assist with logistics, provide valuable insights into the region, and ensure your safety throughout the journey.

Upper Mustang Trip Packages:

  1. Upper Mustang Trek
  2. Upper Mustang Overland Tour
  3. Upper Mustang Trek with Tiji Festival
  4. Upper Mustang Helicopter Trek
  5. Upper Mustang Motorbike Tour

Getting to Upper Mustang

Reaching Upper Mustang is an adventure in itself. The journey begins with a flight from Kathmandu to Pokhara, where you can take some time to acclimatize before embarking on the trek. From Pokhara, you have two options to reach Upper Mustang: by road or by air. The road journey takes you through scenic landscapes and remote villages, but it can be long and arduous, taking around 10-12 days.

Alternatively, you can take a short flight from Pokhara to Jomsom, a town located in the lower Mustang region, and then trek through the picturesque Kali Gandaki Valley to reach Upper Mustang. This option is quicker and offers stunning views of the surrounding mountains.

Permits and regulations for visiting Upper Mustang

As Upper Mustang is a restricted area, there are certain permits and regulations that need to be adhered to. First and foremost, you will need a TIMS (Trekkers’ Information Management System) card, which can be obtained through a registered trekking agency. Additionally, you will require a special permit known as the “Restricted Area Permit” to enter Upper Mustang. This permit is issued by the Department of Immigration in Kathmandu and is valid for a specific duration. It is important to note that the cost of the permits varies depending on the season and duration of your visit.

Lastly, it is essential to abide by the rules and regulations set by the local authorities to ensure the preservation of the cultural and natural heritage of the Upper Mustang.

Trekking routes and itineraries for Upper Mustang

There are several trekking routes and itineraries available for exploring Upper Mustang, each offering a unique experience. The most popular route is the Jomsom to Lo Manthang trek, which takes approximately 10-14 days to complete. This trek starts from Jomsom, where you can either fly or drive from Pokhara, and follows the Kali Gandaki Valley, passing through charming villages, ancient monasteries, and breathtaking landscapes. The trail gradually ascends, offering stunning views of the Nilgiri and Annapurna mountain ranges.

Upon reaching Lo Manthang, the capital of Upper Mustang, you will have the opportunity to explore the ancient monasteries, interact with the friendly locals, and immerse yourself in the unique cultural traditions of the region.

Accommodation and facilities in Upper Mustang

Accommodation in Upper Mustang is limited, but there are several guesthouses, teahouses, and lodges available along the trekking route. These establishments offer basic facilities such as comfortable beds, hot showers, and meals that cater to a variety of dietary preferences. However, it is important to note that the availability of facilities may vary depending on the season and the specific village you are staying in. It is advisable to carry a sleeping bag and other essential trekking gear to ensure your comfort during the journey.

Additionally, it is recommended to carry sufficient cash, as ATM facilities are limited in Upper Mustang.

Must-see attractions in Upper Mustang

Upper Mustang is home to a plethora of must-see attractions that will leave you awestruck. One of the highlights of the region is the ancient walled city of Lo Manthang, which is steeped in history and offers a glimpse into the bygone era. The city is adorned with intricately carved buildings, monasteries, and palaces, all of which reflect the rich cultural heritage of the area. Another must-visit site is the Chhoser Cave, a labyrinth of caves that were once used as meditation chambers by Buddhist monks. The caves are adorned with ancient murals and offer a serene atmosphere for contemplation.

Additionally, the Dhakmar and Tsarang monasteries, along with the Ghar Gompa, are worth exploring for their architectural beauty and religious significance.

Tips for a successful journey to Upper Mustang

To ensure a successful journey to Upper Mustang, it is important to keep a few tips in mind. Firstly, it is essential to acclimatize properly to avoid altitude sickness. Take your time to adjust to the high altitude and listen to your body. Stay hydrated and avoid excessive physical exertion during the initial days of the trek. Secondly, pack wisely and carry essential items such as warm clothing, sturdy trekking shoes, a good quality sleeping bag, and a first aid kit.

Additionally, respect the local culture and traditions by dressing modestly, interacting politely with the locals, and adhering to any religious practices or customs. Lastly, be prepared for unpredictable weather conditions and carry appropriate gear such as a rain jacket and sunscreen.


Embarking on a journey to Upper Mustang is a once-in-a-lifetime experience that will leave you with memories to cherish forever. From its rich cultural heritage to its awe-inspiring landscapes, every aspect of Upper Mustang is captivating. By planning your trip well in advance, obtaining the necessary permits, and making the necessary arrangements, you can ensure a smooth and enjoyable journey.

So, pack your bags, put on your trekking boots, and get ready to embark on an unforgettable adventure to Upper Mustang, where ancient traditions blend seamlessly with untouched natural beauty. As you explore the winding trails and immerse yourself in the local culture, you will discover a world unlike any other, where time stands still and every step is a testament to the resilience and beauty of the human spirit.